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National Aquifers of the United States
Composite Water-Level Hydrographs


Note: Click to view full-size map and explanation
There have been repeated requests for periodic, high-quality, nonpartisan reporting on the condition and use of groundwater in the United States. In particular, an indicator for the Nation's major aquifers to indicate where water levels are declining, increasing, or stable would be useful. One possible national indicator is a composite water-level hydrograph of each of the Nation's Principal Aquifers.

A composite water level is an average water level calculated from selected wells. The composite groundwater level uses the median annual water level for the period of interest for each index well and then averages all the index wells for the particular year to determine a composite water level. The composite water levels representing the average or mean water level of all the index wells is then presented on a hydrograph.

The purpose of the composite hydrographs of the Principal Aquifers of the United States is to show the "average" response of water levels in the Principal Aquifer over time. This should indicate if there is ongoing depletion, or longer term climatic changes in each Principal Aquifer. Composite groundwater level hydrographs have been calculated for the Principal Aquifers of the United States, which had enough wells that passed certain criteria (number of wells, length of record). The length of each composite hydrograph is 30 years. The composite hydrographs generated provide a broad overview of water levels in the Principal Aquifer. As such they are useful indicators of the trends in the Principal Aquifers.

To view a composite hydrograph, select one of the available Principal Aquifers from the list below. If a Principal Aquifer is not listed, it is not available because it did not have enough wells with a sufficient period of record to calculate a composite hydrograph or the distribution of wells was deemed to be less than optimal.

Basin and Range Basin-Fill Aquifers
Biscayne Aquifer
California Coastal Basin Aquifer
Cambrian-Ordovician Aquifer System
Coastal Lowlands Aquifer System
Colorado Plateaus Aquifers
Early Mesozoic Basin Aquifers
Floridan Aquifer System
Hawaii Volcanic-Rock Aquifers
Intermediate Aquifer system
Mississippi Embayment Aquifer System
Mississippi River Valley Alluvial Aquifer
Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain Aquifer System
Pennslyvanian Aquifer System
Piedmont and Blue Ridge Aquifer System
Rio Grande Aquifer System
Sand and Gravel Aquifers (glaciated regions)
Silurian-Devonian Aquifers
Snake River Plain Basaltic-rock aquifers
Southeastern Coastal Plain Aquifer System
Surficial Aquifer System
Upper Cretaceous Aquifers
Valley and Ridge Aquifers


Additional Resources
Composite Hydrographs help page
Map of the Principal Aquifers of the United States
National Aquifer Code Reference List
Principal Aquifer Active Well Count

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Take Pride in America logoUSA.gov logoU.S. Department of the Interior |U.S. Geological Survey
URL: https://groundwaterwatch.usgs.gov/composite.asp
Page Contact Information: Contact the USGS Office of Groundwater
Last update: Tuesday, December 20, 2016 at 08:49